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2018考研英语二真题试卷(完形填空)

来源:印校园考研 | 更新时间:2019-12-23 10:35:10

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2018考研英语二真题试卷-完形填空

Section I Use of English

Directions

Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1.(10 points)

 

Why do people read negative Internet comments and do other things that will obviously be painful? Because humans have an inherent need to   1   uncertainty,  according to a recent study in Psychological   Science. The new research reveals that the need to know is  so  strong that people will  2  to  satisfy their curiosity even when it is clear the answer will 3 .


In a series of four experiments, behavioral scientists at the University of Chicago and the Wisconsin School of Business tested students' willingness to 4  themselves  to  unpleasant  stimuli  in  an  effort  to  satisfy curiosity.  For one  5  each participant was shown a pile of pens that the researcher claimed were from a   previous experiment. The twist?Half of the pens would 6 an electric shock when clicked.


Twenty-seven students were told which pens were electrified; another twenty-seven were told only that some were electrified   7   left alone in the room,  the students who did not know which ones would  shock    them clicked more pens and incurred more shocks than the students who knew what would 8 . Subsequent experiments reproduced this effect with other stimuli, 9 the sound of fingernails on a chalkboard and photographs of disgusting insects.

The drive to     10      is deeply rooted in humans, much the same as the basic drives for 11     or shelter, says Christopher Hsee of the University of Chicago. Curiosity is often considered a good instinct-it can   12   new scientific advances,  for instance-but sometimes such   13   can backfire. The insight that curiosity can   drive  you to do    14     things is a profound one. Unhealthy curiosity is possible to     15    , however.  In a final experiment, participants who were encouraged to 16 how they would feel after viewing an unpleasant picture were less likely to  17 to see such an image. These results suggest that imagining the    18    of    following through on one's curiosity ahead of  time  can  help  determine  19  it  is  worth  the  endeavor. Thinking about long-term   20   is key to reducing the possible negative effects of curiosity." Hsee says.  In   other words, don't read online comments.


1. A. resolve           B. protect       C. discuss       D. ignore

2. A. refuse           B. wait           C. seek           D. regret

3. A. rise           B. last           C. mislead       D. hurt

4. A. alert           B. tie           C. expose       D. treat

5. A. message       B. trial           C. review       D. concept

6. A. remove           B. weaken       C. deliver       D. interrupt

7. A. Unless           B. If           C. Though       D. When

8. A. happen           B. continue       C. disappear       D. change

9. A. rather than       B. such as       C. regardless of   D. owing to

10. A. disagree       B. forgive       C. forget       D. discover

11. A. pay           B. marriage       C. food       D. schooling

12. A. begin with       B. rest on       C. learn from   D. lead to

13. A. withdrawal       B. inquiry       C. persistence   D. diligence

14. A. self-destructive   B. self-reliant   C. self-evident   D. self-deceptive

15. A placing        B. delivering      C. taking          D. giving

16. A. feasible          B. available        C. reliable        D. applicable 

     17. A. prevalent       B. principal   C. innovative   D. initial

18. A. presented   B. restricted    C. recommended  D. introduced

     19. A. problems     B.  issues        C. agonies         D. sufferings 

     20. A. involved in       B. caring for    C. concerned with    D. warding off  

 

    本次2018考研英语二真题分享大家理解了吗,印校园考研网后续还将为大家分享更多相关考研真题解析内容,在此预祝大家20考研取得理想成绩。

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